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《Gansu Geology》 2018-Z1
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RECENT PROGRESSES ON THE STUDIES OF DICKSONIACEAE OF MIDDLE JURASSIC FROM YAOJIE, GANSU PROVINCE,CHINA AND STUDY ON THEEVOLUTION OF FOSSILS DICKSONIACEAE

PENG Cuo;WANG Jing-jing;XIN Cun-lin;REN Wen-Xiu;WANG Jun;WU Hui-ning;Geological Museum of Gansu;College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University;Gansu Institute of Geogical Survery;School of Bailie Petroleum Engineering, Lanzhou City University;  
Ferns are a group of very ancient plants, whose origin, evolution and classification have always been hotspots in paleontology research. Dicksoniaceae is one of the most diverse family species of pteridophyta, is an important member of Mesozoic flora, and is a basic group of water. To explore the variation of fossil diversity,reproductive organs and in situ spore microstructure of Dicksoniaceae in the geological history is an important way to understand the radiation evolution and phylogeny of these plants. There are abundant fossils Dicksoniaceae in Yaojie Basin, Gansu, including Coniopteris, Eboracia, Gonatosorus, about 10 species of 3 genera. In recent years, some important advances have been made in the study of the fossils Dicksoniaceae in this area. Based on the well-preserved fossil specimens of reproductive organs, the in situ spores such as Coniopteris margaretae,Coniopteris simplex, Coniopteris spectabilis, Coniopteris lanzhouensis, and Coniopteris hymenophylloides were obtained respectively, and the microstructure study was carried out on them, providing important microscopic evidence for the understanding of phylogeny and evolution of Dicksoniaceae plants. Apart from Coniopteris hymenophylloides, other species of fossils Dicksoniaceae in Yaojie are all buried in situ, indicating the warm and humid subtropical climate. From the Early Jurassic to the Early Cretaceous, Dicksoniaceae plants in China have been developing continuously, the plant body is enlarged, the pinnule is more developed, and the forms are diverse.The metamorphic pinnules also gradually formed, but disappeared in the Early Cretaceous, and there appeared intercalated pinnules that were not found in the Jurassic Fernaceae plant, and the plant body developed best, and then began to decline.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41262001);国家自然科学基金项目(41662013);; 甘肃省高等学校科研项目(2014A一098);; 甘肃省古生物化石调查研究项目及资助
【CateGory Index】: P534.52;Q914
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