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《Journal of Fruit Science》 2004-01
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Differential Fruit Sizing of Feizixiao Litchi Fruit from Early and Late Bloom as Af fected by Temperature Regimes

Li Jianguo,Huang Huibai,and Huang Xuming (College of Horticulture,South China Agricultural University,Guangzhou,G uangdong510642China)  
In comparing fruit from early bloom with fr uit from late bloom on the same panicle of Feizixiao litchi ,the latter being o ver1.5times smaller in weight than the former,it was found that the differe nce was well related to the temperature regimes.Growth degree-days has proved much better than average daily temperature in reflecting temperature effect on f ruit development.The summation of accumulated temperature before anthesis and t he mean temperature before the end of Stage I for the fruit from late bloom was higher than that for the fruit from early bloom.Higher temperature might cause the cell num-ber to decrease in the ovary wall and pericarp of the fruit from late bloom,and also might shorten the length of Stage I of fruit development. Lower summation of accumulated temperature in Stage I of fruit from late bloom r esulted in their lower weight of pericarp,seed and aril,and hence final fruit .But higher summation of accumulated temperature in Stage II for the fruit fro m late bloom did not result in their higher weight of pericarp,seed and aril. This implies that pericarp size preformed during Stage I is a decisive factor in the formation of final fruit weight as expressed by the“ball-skin versus bla dder effect”notion.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(30370995)
【CateGory Index】: S667.1
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