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《Journal of Gansu Agricultural University》 2005-01
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Irrigation technique and the effect of mulch cover on spring wheat and maize in the Hexi inland irrigation district of Gansu province

ZHANG Yong-ling1,CHENG Zi-yong1,XIAO Rang2 (1.Department of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering,Gansu Agricultural University, Gansu, Lanzhou 730070 ; 2. Gansu Ruisheng-Yamit High-Tech Agriculture Co Ltd, Gansu, Lanzhou 730070, China)  
According experiment results from 2003 to 2004 in the seventh village of twentith countryside in Zhangye city of Gansu province, it showed that the film-plastic-covering had the obvious effect of improving soil temperature and conserving soil water content, especially in the stage of seedling. Under the surface of film-plastic-covering maize field at 5 cm, 10 cm, 15 cm, 20 cm and 25 cm , the average soil temperature was higher about 3.3 ℃ , 2.9 ℃ , 3.2 ℃ , 2.2 ℃ and 2.1 ℃ than bare maize field in the period of seedling. Under the same condition of irrigation-quota and the length of farmland, the velocity of watering under the single width-flow of 1.3L/s·m was 1.64 times on the farmland width of 1.25m film-plastic-covering and it could not destroy the border and the seedling. Under the local condition of soil characteristics, climate and the system of crop planting, plastic-sheet-covered spring wheat and maize saved water about 2000~2 400 m3/hm2 and 4 000~4 500 m3/hm2 in the whole growth period under the conventional irrigation regime system on 4 800 m3/hm2 and 9 000 m3/hm2 and the corresponding field yield improved by 10 %~20 % and 12 %~45 %.
【Fund】: 国家高科技农业“863”计划;; 北方干旱内陆河灌区(甘肃张掖)节水农业综合技术体系集成与示范(2002AA6Z3191)
【CateGory Index】: S275
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