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THE DAMAGE STATES AND TENSILE FAILURE BEHAVIOR OF TORSIONAL PRESTRAINED STEELS

zhou li(Department of Applied Mechanics,Northwestern Polytechnical University,Xi'an,710072,P.R.China)  
In this paper,the damage state of a torsional prestrained steel is examined by means of the concepts of continuum damage mechanics and then the tensile properties and fracture ductility of two kinds of steels under various torsional prestrained conditions are investigated from both macroscopic and microscopic points of very slight as contrasted with tensile damage;(2)after torsional prestraining,both yielding strength and ultimate tensile strength become higher for 20 steel and lower for 40Cr steel;(3)when the torsional prestrain exceeds a critical value,that is about 70% of pure torsional shear fracture strain,the ductile-brittle transition of tensile fracture behavior may initiates.Moreover,the advantages and applicable conditions of torsional prestrain strengthening technique are also discussed.
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