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《The Journal of Ancient Civilizations》 2017-02
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Clan Contracts and Clan Organization in Chos?n: A Comparative Study of Chinese Genealogies and Korean Clan System

Chang Jianhua;Center for Chinese Social History Studies & Collage of History,Nankai University;  
Community compacts were commonly developed in both Korea and China during the sixteenth century. In later progress, however, written clan regulations appeared in China, while on the other hand, clan contracts appeared in Korea. The popularity of community compacts and the appearance of clan contracts led the Korean clan system to change to a state of more community compaction feature and reinforced the clan organization. With certain commonalityto share, however, there were differences between the clan contracts and clan regulations. The clan contracts mainly regulated the activity of ancestral tomb sacrifices, as well as the mutual supports of clan members in marital and funeral occasions. On the other hand, the clan regulations of Ming China paid much more attention to ritual activities. In the Ming and Qing societies, clan regulations were commonly written in the genealogies stored in the ancestral halls involving a wide range of contents related to moral cultivation. In Korea, however, the clan contracts were generally independently held to guide the practical activities in clan gatherings. As a fact, the Korean clan contracts were more close to community compacts, while the Chinese clan regulations were more likely oriented to the goal of general social order construction.
【Fund】: 国家社科基金重大项目“多卷本《中国宗族通史》”(项目批号:14ZDB023)阶段性研究成果
【CateGory Index】: K819
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