On the Village Chief of Ancient Japan: A Contending Examination to the Chiefdom Theory of Yishimoda Tadashi
Guo Na;Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences;Department of Japanese,Sichuan International Studies University;
According to the Chiefdoms theory proposed by Yishimoda Tadashi, commandery was the dominant political unity in ancient Japan. Thus, the chief of commandery was the representative of rural community and a product of the institutionalization policy of rural society in the development of the Ritsuryo System. Nevertheless, although Yishimoda Tadashi rejected the subjectivity of village community and village Chiefs, there were preserved ancient records that definitely points to the existence of village chiefs. In addition, these records also authenticate that the villages were not covered by the "village projects" promoted by the chief of commandery. The tribute relationship between the village chiefs and the villagers indicates that the village chiefs played primordial role in rural production relationship, while the rule of the chief of commandery was actually based upon the existence of the village chiefs.
【CateGory Index】： K242