Composition Analysis of Practitioners in Three Psychological Service Models
MA Xue-yao;ZHANG Lin;WEI Hong;YU Ping;Department of Neurology,Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology;
Objective: To investigate the composition of psychological counseling and psychotherapy practitioners in schools, hospitals, and other social organizations in China. Methods: Six hundred practitioners in schools,hospitals, and other social organizations in the east part, central-south part, northwest part of China were investigated by a semi-structured questionnaire. Results: The male to female ratio of the practitioners in China was 1∶2.15, the average age was(36.60 ±7.74) years. The majority of the practitioners had a medical degree and a psychology degree. 55.3% of them had Bachelor degree, and 25.5% had Master's degrees. 36.25% of the practitioners had intermediate grade title, and 37.2% did not have a title. Most of the practitioners were middle-income earners. 77.2% of the practitioners obtained professional qualification certificates. 54.3% were part-time practitioners. 91.1% of the practitioners from social organizations had certificates, and 43.5% of them were part-time workers. In the recent years, the average number of receiving the continuing education was 2.7, with an average of 51.9 hours, while practitioners in social organizations had the longest education time. 63.2% of the practitioners were supervised, 15.5% of them were supervisors. Conclusion: The number of practitioners with a psychology background has increased, but the development level in China is still lower than that in the Western countries. There is a great difference among three different types of mental health organizations. The practitioners in hospitals have well been trained whereas those in social organizations are still in need of training and supervision. The mental health industry in China faces big tasks, especially in training and supervision system.