Impact of Social Support, Medical Coping and Psychological Special Needs on the Mental Health of Patients with Infectious Diseases
HUANG Man-xia;HUANG Yuan-cheng;ZHANG Xiao-yun;Institute of Applied Psychology, China University of Geosciences;
Objective:To investigate the special psychological needs of the patients with infectious diseases, and the effects of social support and medical response on mental health. Methods: A questionnaire survey including Social Support Rating Scale(SSRS), Medical Coping Modes Questionnaires(MCMQ), the general needs and symptom Checklist(SCL-90) were assessed in 100 patients with infectious diseases(infectious group) and 100 patients without infectious disease(control group). SPSS19.0 was used for data analysis. Results: There were significant differences in the medical facing(t=3.19, P0.05), SCL-90(t=4.22, P0.01) between the 2 groups. The mental health were correlated significantly with the Coping with medical(r=0.481, P0.001) and the utilization of social support(r=0.551, P0.001). The medical coping was significantly correlated with the utilization of social support(r=0.363, P0.05). Conclusion: For the special psychological needs of patients with infectious diseases,social support and utilization of support should be improved to promote their mental health and the formation of a positive medical coping mode.