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《Neural Injury and Functional Reconstruction》 2018-03
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Glia in brain energy metabolism:A perspective

Barros LF;Brown A;Swanson RA;Center for Scientific Studies;School of Life Sciences, University of Nottingham;Dept.of Neurology, University of California San Francisco and San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center;  
Early views of glia as relatively inert, housekeeping cells have evolved, and glia are now recognized as dynamic cells that not only respond to neuronal activity but also sense metabolic changes and regulate neuronal metabolism. This evolution has been aided in part by technical advances permitting progressively better spatial and temporal resolution. Recent advances in cell-type specific genetic manipulation and sub-cellular metabolic probes promise to further this evolution by enabling study of metabolic interactions between intertwined fine neuronal and glial processes in vivo. Views of glia in disease processes have also evolved. Long considered purely reactive, glia and particularly microglia are now seen to play active roles in both promoting and limiting brain injury. At the same time, established concepts of glial energetics are now being linked to areas such as learning and neural network function, topics previously considered far removed from glial biology.
【CateGory Index】: R338
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