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《Journal of Southern Agriculture》 2011-01
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The biological characteristics of pathogens causing anthracnose disease of Qiongzhong green orange

ZHENG Xiao-lan1,2,3, WU Wei-huai1,2,3, LI Rui1, LIU Bi-can4, HE Chun-ping1,2,3 * (1 Environment and Plant Protection Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences; 2 Key Laboratory of Monitoring and Control of Tropical Agricultural and Forest Invasive Alien Pests, Ministry of Agriculture; 3 Key Laboratory of Pests Detection and Control for Tropical Agriculture of Hainan Province; 4 College of Environment and Plant Protection, Hainan University, Danzhou, Hainan 571737, China)  
[Objective] The present study has been performed in order to identify the biological characteristics of pathogens causing anthracnose disease in green orange in some middle districts of Hainan Province. [Method] The pathogens have been isolated using monospore isolation method and their morphological and biological characteristics, and the pathogenicity were investigated. [Result] Five strains of the pathogens were obtained, amongst them the microspore size of strain CA5 was found to be 25-35 μm × 4-11 μm. The leaves of green orange showed brown spots within four days after inoculation with certain concentration of pathogen conidia suspension. The mycelium of pathogen was found to grow normally at 10-35℃, however, the optimum temperature was 28℃. The average daily growth rate of the mycelium was found fastest at pH 7, but the mycelium growth was significantly inhibited in conditions of pre-alkalanization. The light conditions had no significant effect on growth rate of the mycelium. The carbon and nitrogen resource in Czapek medium for mycelium growth was L-maltose, L-rhamnose and ammonium acetate and L-alanine, respectively. Galactose and L-leucine showed inhibitory effects on growth of the mycelium. The lethal temperature of spore was 46-50℃. [Conclusion] Pathogens causing anthracnose disease in green orange in some middle districts of Hainan Province belong to Colletotrichum(myceteae, eumycota, deuteromycotina, coelomycetes, melanconiales, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides). The results of our experiment will provide a scientific basis for forecasting and control of pathogens causing anthracnose disease in green orange producing areas.
【Fund】: 海南省重点科技项目(090141);; 海南省自然科学基金项目(807040);; 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务专项项目(2009hzs1J015)
【CateGory Index】: S436.66
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1 WANG Hong,CHANG You-hong, CHEN Zhi-yi (Department of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210095 China; Plant Protection Institute, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Science, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210014 China);Study on biological characteristics of Alternaria alternata caused occurrence of pear black spot[J];Journal of Fruit Science;2006-02
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