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《Acta Optica Sinica》 2003-01
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Studies on Ultrafast Resonant Nonlinear Optics in Rare Earth Solids

Luo Li 1,2 Yu Xiangyang 1 Chen Lei 1 Qiu Zhiren 1 Zhou Jianying 1 1 State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 5102752 The Department of Applied Physics, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510090(Received 28 December 2001; revised 9 July 2002)  
Resonantly enhanced nonlinear refraction in rare earth doped solids is studied with femtosecond degenerate pump probe two beam coupling spectroscopy. An ultrafast resonant nonlinear refractive index of the order of 1×10 -14 cm 2/W is measured in Nd∶glass, and it is 10 2 times greater than the host material. It shows that both the transient probe transmission and the nonlinear refraction can be effectively controlled via the coherent coupling of probe beam with the pump through Nd∶glass sample. The experimental observation of the femtosecond resonant nonlinear refraction response in the rare earth solids may implicate important applications in ultrafast optical switching. It shows that coherent control can be applied to improve the modulation depth of ultrafast optical switching. Resonant nonlinear refraction measurements in other rare earth doped materials such as Er∶YAG and Nd∶YVO 4 demonstrate the general applicability of the pump-probe technique.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金 (19974 0 78);; 国家 86 3青年基金;; 广东省自然科学基金 (990 2 2 2 );; 广东工业大学青年基金(0 12 0 30 )资助课题
【CateGory Index】: O437
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