Epidemiological analysis of hand-foot-mouth disease in Laixi city and risk factors of children with hand-foot-mouth disease in kindergarten
WANG Shuxia;Clinical Laboratory, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Laixi City;
Objective To analyze the epidemiological distribution of hand-foot-mouth disease(HFMD) in Laixi in 2011-2015,and to explore the risk factors of children with hand-foot-mouth disease in kindergarten. Methods The HFMD cases in Laixi in 2011-2015 were collected and their epidemiological characteristics were analyzed. There were 300 children as the research subjects in the study, they were selected in three kindergarten, the questionnaire were used in the survey to analyze the HFMD influencing factors. Results All 412 cases of HFMD were reported in Laixi in 2011-2015, the incidence was 54.21/100 thousand and there was no death. The number of patients that 0 to 4 years old was 375, accounting for 91.03%. There were many risk factors affecting the incidence of the children with HFMD in kindergarten, and all factors can be interfered. The risk factors of the children with HFMD in kindergarten were as followings(P 0.05): Teaching staff, students and parents to control the mouth and mouth disease prevention and control, teaching staff, students and parents to the knowledge of hand and foot disease knowledge, classroom area per student per capita, the class has attached importance to the prevention and control of HFMD, the establishment and implementation of relevant system, disinfection situation, morning check and afternoon check, the practice of preventive action, the cases isolated situation, public ventilation in classrooms and other public places, Classroom and other public places of ventilation. Conclusion The epidemic intensity of HFMD in Laixi in 2011-2015 is basically stable. Children under the age of 4 are the major epidemic population, there are differences in seasonal distribution, and EV71 is the main pathogen. Parents and kindergarten should practice preventive behavior actively. The incidence of HFMD should be reduced in time to reduce the incidence of HFMD.
【CateGory Index】： R181.3;R725.1