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《Acta Photonica Sinica》 2005-01
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Optical Switch and Bistability Based on Nonlinear One-dimensional Photonic Crystals

Chen Ming 2,Xu Mai 1,Li Chunfei 2,Wang Weibiao 1,Xia Yuxue 1,Ma Shaojie 1,1 Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Changchun 130033 2 The Department of Applied Physics of Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001  
The optical switch and bistability based on nonlinear one-dimensional photonic crystals is designed and manufactured.The device, which has 20 periods, is made from ZnS layers and ZnSe layers alternately. When the incident power density reaches 1.0×10 5 W/cm 2, the Ar ion laser,wavelength of which is 514.5 nm, is shifted out of the optical bandgap of the one-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystals. Optical switch turns on to a high trasmission state. It also can be made into optical bistability device. The threshold power density of the optical bistability is 1.38×10 5 W/cm 2 and the switching time of the optical bistability is about 100 ps. The experimental results agree well with the theory one.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 (6 0 1770 2 1、6 0 2 770 30 )
【CateGory Index】: O734
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