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《JOURNAL OF HEBEI UNIVERSITY(NATURAL SCIENCE)》 1996-04
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Studies on the Mechanism of Egg Attachment inMacrobrachium nipponense(de Haan) I. Scanning Electron Microscopy Observation of Egg Membranes and Egg Attachment

Yang Wanxi Du Nanshan Lai Wei (Department of Biology, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062)  
The mature egg, artificial inseminated egg and natural spawned eggs, which are attached to the pleopods, were observed by scanning electron microscopy technique. The results show that, the mature egg of Macrobrachium nipponensehas smooth primary oolemma, with micropores on it, 1~2 individuals/μm 2in density. After inseminated, the egg surface appears granular-like process, which later disappear, and become a little smooth, with wave-like structure. Naturally spawned eggs are covered by the second oolemma, which were formed by the secretion of cement glands in pleopods. The second oolemma can function in protection, seletive permeability and separating the neighboring eggs by foming funiculus. With continued rocking movements of the female pleopods, the fertilized eggs rolling in the brooding chamber, the soft elastic outer shell of the eggs were draw out into funiculus and/or egg stalk. Funiculus is ribbon-like, with 140~150μm in wideth at the base, and 30~40μm in the middle. Egg stalk is formed by 1~2 oosetae penetrating into the second oolemma, with cone-like process at the base, and 140~150μm in wideth. Non-oosetae act as assistance in egg carring.
【CateGory Index】: Q959.233
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