Action Constraint and Meaning Construction: Origin and Diversion of Institution Research in Sociology
JIANG Xiao-ping;Fujian Jiangxia University;Department of Sociology ,Huazhong University of Science and Technology;
Institution research in sociology has two different orientation of holism and individualism, the system research of holism orientation research emphasizes the normative elements of system Internalized by actors personality system exerts constraint function, the system research of individualism orientation emphasizes system effectiveness works by means of system related actors' meaning construction process. Early system research of sociology will normative factors as core elements of its theory, with the cognitive revolution happened in cultural theory and cognitive theory, the new institutionalism in the sociology would like to place the cognitive factors in core position of in system analysis. System has the dual characteristics of objective conditionality and subjective constructiveness, which determined the normative and cognitive element should be paid equal attention to, and the system with action as a structural system is the future direction of institutional research.
【CateGory Index】： C91-03