Effects of Land Use and Land Cover and Landscape Pattern Changes on Landscape Multi-functionality:The Case Study in Cultural Landscape of Royal Mausoleum of the Northern Song Dynasty
TANG Qian;JIA Yanfeng;DING Shengyan;Key Laboratory of Geospatial Technology for the Middle and Lower Yellow River Regions,Ministry of Education;College of Environment and Planning,Henan University;
Temporal and spatial changes of landscape pattern can lead to spatial differences of landscape functions and services.Studying the effects of landscape changes especially the land use and land cover changes on landscape functions and services can provide basic information and study basis for exploring dynamic changes of landscape services of the area.Cultural landscape is the reflection of a specific aera and cultural development of a specific area,which is built on the basis of natural landscape and has a variety of features and values such as education,esthetic enjoyment,and cultural goods.In this paper,the study is carried out in area of the royal mausoleum of Northern Song Dynasty,located in the Gongyi City of Henan Province of China.This royal mausoleum is the representative and residual heritage of the Northern Song Dynasty,showing very important historical and cultural values in China history.However,because of the long-term disturbance of human activities,the royal mausoleum of Northern Song Dynasty has been seriously destroyed even if the local government has taken several protection strategies.For this study,we try to find a proper solution based on the understanding of landscape ecology for solving the current problems of this royal mausoleum.Our aim is to analyze the effects of landscape pattern on landscape functions and services in the cultural landscape,and to finally provide useful study basis for resolving of human and land useconflicts.The whole study area can be divided into 13 patch types,but the imperial tombs area has been mainly occupied by the agricultural and construction lands.The serious human-land use conflicts make the protection of the royal mausoleum become much more difficult.In the study area,the cultural service and production service are showing serious conflicts,which indicates that there are obvious human-land use conflicts in the royal mausoleum area and this situation is influencing the sustainable development of the study area.We suggest that,in order to protect the Northern Song Dynasty mausoleum and finally make the sustainable development of the regional landscape,further studies about landscape function and service analysis are required.Moreover,how to moderate the conflicts between land use and heritage protection is core question that needs to be considered and solved in the future.
【CateGory Index】： K901.6
【CateGory Index】： K901.6