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The Heilongjiang Valley's History and Culture in the Jin Dynasty

WANG Yu-lang,WANG Hong-bei(Studies center of Northeast History of China,Dalian University,116622)  
At the beginning of the 12~(th) centuries,the Nuzhen's established the Jin dynasty in the Ash river valley.It had special meaning to the development of the ancient civilization of Heilongjiang valley.Most importantly,the Nuzhen's became the owner of the Central Plains,causing great shocks of that times and great change of the society.Before that,the Nuzhen's mainly lived in the bleak and desolate Heilongjiang valley.At that time,Nuzhen was still at the slavery stage.The Nvzhen accelerated the feudal process,through the large-scale wars with Qidan and the Han nationality.The original caciques and slave owners became feudal landlords.The new developing Nvzhen military landlord class regarded"Chinesing" as the main goal.The Nvzhen's combination his own culture and the Qidan and Han culture,had great meaning.In the Jin Dynasty,the transition of culture and spirit,had profound influence on the North and Northeast Asia's politics,military and culture at that time.Therefore Heilongjiang Valley's culture process was promoted and a new prosperous situation appeared in history.
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