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The Choice between the Concepts of Water Flow and Water Resource from the Jurisprudence

Tang Shuang'e(Law School,Hunan University,Changsha Hunan 410082)  
The term of water resource is treated as same as the term of water flow in the property provisions in the relevant regulations.Scholars also think so.The term of water resource is a more common one than the water flow in the Encyclopedia of China.The water resource in the Water Law includes surface water and groundwater resources.The term of water flow is one in Hydraulics,which emphasizes the use of the power generated by water flow.Just such emphasis becomes the reason why the Constitution selects the term of water flow not water resource.The term of water resource with a wider extension is more suitable to realize the sustainable use of water resource when we face a water crisis,the rain water engineering facilities are being widely used and the ecological function of water is highlighted.
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