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Xiao Hu Yao-Bo Fan Min-Jian Wang (Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085)  
Sorption-desorption, leaching, volatilization and degradation of organic pollutants in soil are reviewed in this paper. Mechanisms of sorption-desorption process and impacts of organic matter content, water content and temperature on this process are discussed. Based on some typical models, leaching process and factors influencing this process are described. Before volatilizing into the atmosphere, organic pollutants in soil body have to migrate to soil surface. This migration stage is slow, which controls the rate of the whole volatilization process and can be modeled by the Ficks Second Law. Biotic degradations of organic pollutants in soil mainly include redox, photolysis and hydrolysis, which can be affected by soil oxygen content, type and content of soil organic matters, soil moisture, the intensity and spectral distribution of the solar radiation, temperature and pH value. Through effects on the microbial activity in soil, aerobic and anaerobic conditions of soil, temperature and moisture contents of soil could influence biodegradation of organic pollutants in soil.
【Fund】: 中国自然科学基金;环境模拟与污染控制国家联合重点实验室开放基金
【CateGory Index】: X144
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