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Chemical Legislation and Environmental Protection

JIAN Xiao-dong~1,ZHOU Hong~1,WEN Wen~2,Nie Jing-lei~1,SHEN Ying-wa~11.Chemical Registration Center of SEPA,Beijing 100012,China2.Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences,Beijing 100012,China  
Along with the fast development of the chemical industry,the domestic output and trade of chemicals are increasing year after year,and environmental pollution of chemicals is getting more and more serious.Global uniformed chemical trade and environmental management system and the higher domestic requests for the environmental protection have brought on exigent needs for the systematic chemical legislation.Based on the characteristic of chemical legislation of the developed countries,the limitation of the current chemical legislation in China was shown,e.g.ignoring environmental management,lacking the thinks of precaution and origin control,lacking the systems of priority management and risk management,and having inconsistent supervision among the different departments.The authors analyzed the necessity of the chemical legislation,and put forward the principles of precaution,origin control,risk management and the whole life management with emphasis on the toxic and hazard chemical substances.The contents of the legislation including objects,management system and standards were also suggested.
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