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《Research of Environmental Sciences》 2016-02
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Spatiotemporal Characteristics and EKC Testing of CO_2 Emissions from China's Service Industry

WANG Kai;XIAO Yan;LIU Haolong;LI Zhimiao;Tourism College of Hunan Normal University;Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
CO_2 emissions from China's service sector were calculated for 1995-2012 using the carbon emissions coefficients and methodology introduced by the IPCC in the Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories( GNGGI). A spatiotemporal distribution map of CO_2 emissions from China's service industry was edited by Arc GIS 9. 3 to analyze its spatiotemporal pattern evolution in 30 provinces. In addition,the EKC( environment Kuznets curve) model was adopted to test the relationship between service industry growth and its CO_2 emissions in the eastern,central and western parts of China. The results showed that: 1) during this period,the per capita CO_2 emissions of China's service industry increased from 0. 16 t to 0. 77 t,while the per capital added value of China's service industry increased from 1621. 04 yuan to 9991. 95 yuan. 2) Most provinces in the eastern region ranked in the top position for per capita CO_2 emissions of service industry. 3) Linear positive correlation between per capita carbon emissions and the per capita added value in the service industry existed in the eastern and central parts of China; when the former increased by a unit,the latter increased by 1. 02 and1. 16,respectively. 4) Per capita carbon emissions increased progressively with the per capita added value of the service sector in the western region. Diverse strategies about carbon emission reduction were generated in different regions. The eastern region showed its leadership by promoting carbon emission reduction technologies,optimizing the industrial structure and adjusting energy consumption structure to reduce carbon dioxide emissions intensity. As for the central and western regions,improving efficiency of energy utilization and lowering carbon dioxide emissions intensity was the priority on the premise of maintaining the steady economic growth of the service industry.
【Fund】: 湖南省教育厅科学研究重点项目(14A088);; 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)项目(2010CB955200)
【CateGory Index】: F719;X799
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