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《Environmental Science》 2007-01
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Modeling of Natural NO_x and VOC Emissions and Their Effects on Tropospheric Photochemistry in China

XIE Min,WANG Ti-jian,JIANG Fei,YANG Xiu-qun(Department of Atmospheric Science,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093,China)  
An inventory of natural NO_x and VOC emissions for China was developed.For the year 2000,it was estimated that the annual soil NO_x and vegetation VOC emissions amounted to 225.75 Gg and 13.23 Tg,respectively,in which the total VOC was comprised of 7.77 Tg isoprene,1.86 Tg monoterpene and 3.60 Tg other VOC.The emissions also showed large seasonal and regional variation.And with the aid of models MM5 and Calgrid,the effects of the emissions on the photochemical formation of O_3,NO_x,HNO_3 and PAN over China were investigated.Countrywide mean concentrations of these pollutants respectively varied 15.3%,15.7%,25.5%,6.5% on account of soil NO_x emissions,5.6%,-4.9%,-19.3%,142.3% as a result of vegetation VOC emissions,and 26.1%,8.8%,4.3%,177.9% owning to their synthetic effects.The variation was much higher in summer than in any other seasons.In addition,the distribution of the pollutants was affected by the natural emissions because of the different meteorological conditions,pollutant emissions and NMHC/NO_x ratios in different regions.The role of natural NO_x and VOC emissions on tropospheric photochemistry can not be neglected.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)项目(2005CB422205 2006CB403700);; 国家自然科学基金项目(40305019)
【CateGory Index】: X131.1
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