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《Concrete》 2005-11
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A review of carbonation in reinforced concrete(Ⅰ):Mechanism of carbonation and evaluative methods

LIU Jun-zhe(School of Civil Engineering,Northeast Forestry University,Heilongjiang 150040,Harbin,China)  
Based on the available literature,it reviews the recent progress of studies on carbonation of concrete.Concrete solution consist of sodium,potassium and hydroxide ion for electric balance mainly,less calcium ion.The pH value of the pore solution depends on the concentration of sodium and potassium mainly.The higher concentration of calcium ion,the lower pH values.The higher alkali content is,the better it will accelerate solution rate of portlandite,and accelerate the carbonation of concrete.Then the phenolphthalein indicator,X-ray diffraction method,thermo-analysis method and EPMA method were introduced for evaluating the carbonation depth of concrete.
【CateGory Index】: TU528
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