Relativity Between Preoperative Anxiety and Social Support in Patients with Colostomy
GAO Xiaomin, WAN minque, DUAN Yanxia, et al(Department of General Surgery, the Second Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710004, China)
Objective To investigate the relativity between social support and preoperative anxiety of the patient receiving colostomy and to find the effective techniques for reducing preoperative anxiety.Methods By using state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI) and social support self-report survey form (PRQ85-Part 2), a questionaire survey was conducted in 70 patients who were to receive the operation of colostomy. Results The score for anxiety was 55.89± 14.34, which was significantly higher than normal subjects (39.31±8.66,P0.01). The anxity scores of the patients at or under 50 were significantly higher than those above 50(P0.05). The score for social support was 86.06±10.79,which was at a medium level. A significant negative correlation was found between social support and preoperative anxiety (r=-0.446).Conclusion Scial support can reduce the preoperative anxiety in patients with colostomy and can be used as intervention a means of nursing care.