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International competitiveness and influencing factors analysis of Chinese pig breeding industry: based on the industrial chain perspective and the diamond model

YIN Zhiyang;WANG Kai;Isabel de Felipe;College of Economics and Management, Suzhou Polytechnic Institute of Agriculture;College of Economics and Management, Nanjing Agriculture University;Department of Agricultural Economics, Statistics and Management, Polytechnic University of Madrid;  
From the perspective of pork chain, based on pig breeding, this paper uses Porter's "diamond model", chooses six factors and total 12 indexes as independent variables, including the factors of production, related and supporting industries, demand conditions, business strategy, structure and competition in the industry, government support and the exchange rate. The partial least squares regression analysis is adapted to analyze the importance and the effect of the above independent variables on the competitiveness of Chinese pig breeding industry. The results showed that: from the perspective of importance of influencing factors, the unit labor productivity in the pork production, the sow number of pig breeding farms, the demand of pork and the pig slaughtered from the large-scale breeding farms have the significantly positive influence on the international competitiveness of pig breeding industry, while the cost of material and service, RMB exchange rate and polices supporting the pig production have significantly negative influence on the international competitiveness of pig breeding industry. In addition, the development of feed processing industry, agricultural products logistics industry and the rural public service system of animal husbandry and veterinary have great potential influence on the international competitiveness of Chinese pig breeding industry.
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