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《农业科学与技术(英文版)》 2017-05
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Inorganic Elements in Tuber of Chinese Herbal Medicine Radix Pseudostellariae from Guizhou Province

Daixing SHAO;Xirong LUO;Hong LIU;Changhu LIN;Li LIN;Kaifang ZHOU;Yun LIU;Cheng QIN;Soil and Fertilizer Station of Zunyi City;Key Lab of Zunyi Crop Gene Resource and Germplasm Innovation,Zunyi Academy of Agricultural Sciences;Guizhou Industrial Technology Development Research Institute;Guizhou Academy of Sciences;Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Bureau of Fenggang County;Guizhou Provincial College-based Key Lab for Tumor Prevention and Treatment with Distinctive Medicines,Zunyi Medical University;  
By analyzing the contents of inorganic elements in Radix Pseudostellariae from Guizhou Province, the aim was to assess the present quality of Radix Pseudostellariae, set limited standards of heavy metals, establish element fingerprints,and find out the characteristic elements. ICP-MS was used to measure the content of inorganic elements and map the element fingerprints. Additionally, WM/T2-2004 was applied to evaluate the quality of heavy metal elements, and the characteristic elements were determined by principal component analysis. The results showed that the contents of inorganic elements in Radix Pseudostellariae were between 0.057 and 959 mg/kg with the coefficients of variation ranging from 0.134 to 1.478, and the contents of Cd, As, Pb, and Hg were below the Standard of WM/T2-2004 in90% of Radix Pseudostellariae. The standard limits of heavy metals in Radix Pseudostellariae were Cr ≤6.5 mg/kg, Cu ≤10 mg/kg, As ≤2.0 mg/kg, Cd ≤0.3 mg/kg,Hg≤0.15 mg/kg, and Pb≤4.0 mg/kg. The features of the inorganic elements fingerprints could provide theoretical basis of identifying the quality of Radix Pseudostellariae and distinguishing Radix Pseudostellariae from other Chinese herbal medicines. The characteristic inorganic elements of Radix Pseudostellariae were found to be Cd, Cu, Co, Zn, Fe, Ca, Mg, and Al. Radix Pseudostellariae from Guizhou Province contained abundant inorganic elements, and the contents of heavy metals were below the evaluation criterion. The study provided a reference for the future development of the limiting values of heavy metals in Radix Pseudostellariae.
【Fund】: Supported by the Science and Technology Project of Zunyi City (Zunyi Science Cooperation[2016]12);; Key Lab Construction Project of the Educational Department of Guizhou Province (Project No.:Guizhou Education Cooperation KY[2014]212);; the Key Special Project for the Modernization of Chinese Traditional Medicine of Guizhou Province (Guizhou Science Cooperation[2012]6010)~~
【CateGory Index】: S567.53
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