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《农业科学与技术(英文版)》 2017-05
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Analysis on the Production Advantages of USA Pima Extra Long Staple Cotton

Liwen TIAN;Zhiwu XU;Zipiao ZHENG;Xinmin NING;Jianping CUI;Bin ZHU;Haijiang XU;Rensong GUO;Tao LIN;Zhiqing LIU;Institute of Economic Crops Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences;Xinjiang Youngor Agricultural Science and Technology Co. Ltd.;  
This paper defines the following advantages of ELS(Extra Long Staple)also known as Pima cotton planted in the United States: first, the only variety which is concentrated in the planting area with good soil moisture and fertilizer retention performances and abundant light and heat resources; second; advanced and practical material equipment and technology; third; high yield and good quality, significant planting scale benefit; fourth, feasible and reliable modernized intensive farm management mode with large-scale agricultural machinery operation; fifth, high-efficient social services and policy support system, as well as reasonable planting layout,good brand influence, synchronization of high yield and good quality with large-scale benefits. Although the production capability of Pima cotton in the United States is considered to be the largest and most powerful country in the world, compared with the ELS production in China, both have their own advantages and characteristics.Therefore, it is suggested that by using the ELS production experience of the United Stages for reference, China should make use of the modern breeding techniques to accelerate the modification of synthetic genetic features of ELS variety, try its best to breed the ELS variety which is suitable for mechanical plucking as soon as possible, actively develop new technology to simplify the whole cost saving cultivation, reform ELS production organization, vigorously develop the social service system, and adjust and optimize the ELS industry support policies, so as to fundamentally improve the competitiveness of China's ELS in international market.
【Fund】: Supported by the Special Project for the Key Research and Development in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region(2016B01001-2);; the Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest of the Ministry of Agriculture of China(201503117);; the Project for Enriching People and Strengthening County of the Ministry of Science and Technology of China;; the China Agriculture Research System for Cotton(CARS-18-07);; the Special Fund for the Commercialization of Research Findings of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region(201354103);; the Key Laboratory for the Physiological Ecology and Cultivation of Desert Oasis Crops the Ministry of Agriculture of China~~
【CateGory Index】: F371.2
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