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《Journal of Henan Agricultural Sciences》 2009-12
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Availability of Soil Heavy Metals Near the Conjunction of Trunk Railway and Highway in the North China Plain

LI Li-ping,LI Bo-chang,ZHANG Jian-ling,YANG Shan-shan,CHEN Kai,LIU Ning-ning(School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Henan University of Technology,Zhengzhou 450001,China)  
In this work,50 soil samples of 0-20 cm depth in a field near the conjunction of Lianhuo Expressway and Jingguang Railway in the Chaotu Soil area were collected and control samples were sampled in fields far away from traffic lines and possible pollution source,Soil Ni,Zn,Cu and Pb were extracted with DTPA and analyzed with atomic absorption spectrometry.The average Content of DTPA-extractable Ni,Zn,Cu and Pb were 0.229,1.71,1.02 and 1.16mg/kg,respectively.DTPA-extractable Ni and Cu were significantly higher than the control soil(P0.05),DTPA-Pb and Zn were also higher than the control soil but the difference was not significant(P0.05).Higher heavy metal availability was found in soil samples from wheat(Triticum aestivum L.) field than cauliflower(Brassica oleracea var.botrytis)field.Principal component analysis(PCA)indicated that the availability of Ni,Zn,and Cu were affected by the same component,while that of Pb was affected by another component.The Lianhuo Expressway affected the spatial variability of the heavy metals to a certain degree,while the effect of the Jingguang Railway on the spatial variability of the heavy metals was not obvious.The results suggest that soil heavy metal availability in the studied area is enhanced by the road and railway traffic and the effect of railway on the spatial variability is minor.
【CateGory Index】: X53
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