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《Acta Agriculturae Nucleatae Sinica》 2004-01
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PRELIMINARY STUDIES ON MALE STERILE MUTANT AFTER EXOGENOUS DNA INTRODUCED INTO WHEAT

YANG Jing-cheng 1 YU Yuan-jie 2 QI Yan-fang 3(1.Laboratory of Quantitative Vegetation Ecology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093; 2.Academy of Agronomy, Shandong Agricultural University,Taian, Shandong 271018; 3.Institute of Atomic Energy Application, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan, Shandong 250100)  
A stable sterile line—D-type sterile line was obtained after exogenous λDNA introduced into wheat line 814527. There were obvious characters in flower structure of the sterile line. The number of ovaries increased and that of anthers declined, and the sum was not always equal to four. Polygynous flowers were located in the middle of panicles, while there were no polygynous ones on the top and the base of panicles. The main ovary was in the center of the flower, and the accessory ovaries surrounded the main ovary. The ovaries did not develop synchronously, main ovary developed earlier and accessory ones slower. The volume of main ovary was bigger than the accessory ones. Anthers of the sterile line with abnormal shapes were obsolescent at early stage, and had no living pollen. It showed that the sterile line was a cytoplasmic male sterile one, and the acceptor line 814527 could be its maintainer. The hybrid of the sterile line and Lumai 14 had some heterosis in traits such as panicle length, spikelet number per panicle and grain number per panicle, and its yield per plant was 11.6% higher than that of Lumai 14.
【Fund】: 山东省聊城市国家大型优质小麦基地项目;; 国家科技部资助;; 山东省科技厅“九五”重点项目资助 ( 96 C0 1 0 1 0 2 12)
【CateGory Index】: S512.1
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