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《Hunan Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine》 2015-01
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Investigation and characteristic analysis of TCM syndromes in colorectal cancer

ZHANG Jun-zhong;ZHOU Bing;WANG Ying-dong;CHAI Zhong-qiu;XIAO Ling;ZHAO Fei;HOU Song-tao;GAO Yang;Tanggu Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital of Tianjin;  
Objective: To investigate the traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) syndromes in patients with initial stage I- III colorectal cancer and to statistically analyze the data collected by four diagnostic methods and the characteristics of syndromes. Methods: Preliminary Survey for TCM Syndromes of Colorectal Cancer was designed to investigate the general status of 65 patients with colorectal cancer and their data collected by four diagnostic methods. Two persons checked the information and entered it into the epidemiological software( Epidata 3. 0) to establish a database,and descriptive statistics of frequency was performed to analyze common and new symptoms,signs,and tongue veins. Results: Among the 65 subjects,19 symptoms had a frequency of 15%,and abdominal pain,abdominal distension,incessant desire to defecate,sense of anal obstruction,tenesmus,anal pendant expansion,and borborygmus and flatus were the most common new symptoms. There were 12 signs with a frequency of 15%,and abdominal tenderness,thin sloppy stool,dark purple blood in stool,fresh blood in stool,and slightly dry and hard stool were common new signs. In addition,there were 10 tongue manifestations with a frequency of 15% and 3 pulse manifestations with a frequency of 15%. The TCM syndromes mainly included spleen qi deficiency,internal retention of damp- heat,and blood stasis. Conclusion:( 1) In the survey for TCM syndromes in colorectal cancer,the characteristics of subjects have an important impact on the distribution of TCM syndromes.( 2) Attention should be paid to the characteristics of new symptoms and disease locations when identifying the TCM syndromes in colorectal cancer.( 3) Spleen qi deficiency,internal retention of damp- heat,and blood stasis are relatively common TCM syndromes in patients with initial stage I- III colorectal cancer.
【Fund】: 天津市滨海新区卫生局科技项目(编号:2012BWKL003);; 天津市滨海新区塘沽科技兴区专项(编号:2013KJXQ09)
【CateGory Index】: R273
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