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《Meteorology and Disaster Reduction Research》 2007-03
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Field Effect and Regional Conversion as the Mechanism of Natural Hazard Chains

YAO Qing-lin(Institute of Geology,China Earthquake Administration,Beijing 100029,China)  
On the basis of analyzing thousands satellite remote sensing images in 2004 and 2005 and plenty of other data,the concept of the field effect mechanism and region conversion of natural hazard chain are presented in this paper.There is no direct transferring relation among adjacent chain events in different places,and occurrence of the events in a chain is decided by the disproportion of the dynamic surroundings,the medium structure,the combination of physical and chemical factors,and the consecutive natural developing process.The foregoing event in a chain possesses the instantaneous effect and the latter adjustment effect,which will transfer in a form of region conversion,including incalculable recessive or smaller events.Each change has aftereffect which acts on the process and the region instead of the individual points,or acts on adjacent space-time points instead of long-range ones.Accumulation and development of all effects in the field and the process will cause larger chain events.The region with some inner relation,whose structure characteristic,movement mode,dynamic environment and developing process seem to be a whole,and their borders are the setting of natural hazard chains.Whether two events occur in such a region is an important criterion judging whether they possess chain correlation.
【Fund】: 国家软科学研究计划项目(编号:2006GXQ3B201)
【CateGory Index】: X43
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