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《Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology》 2018-05
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Depositional characteristics of fan delta deposits and their impacts to reservoir development-An example from Liaohe Basin

CHEN Huanqing;WANG Jue;HU Haiyan;DU Yijing;FAN Tao;Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development,Petro China;Petrochina Exploration and Development Company;Institute of Exploration and Development,PetroChina Liaohe Oilfield Company;  
The Yulou oil bearing sets from one of the experimental areas in the south end of western slope of the West Depression of the Liaohe Basin is selected in this paper as a case to study the depositional characteristics of a fan delta and their impacts to reservoir development.Core and slice data,geochemical data of seven wells and logging data for 400 wells in addition to seismic data are collected for interpretation.On the basis of the high resolution stratigraphic framework,sedimentary facies are identified and described.At the same times,the influences of sedimentary facies to reservoir development are analyzed.The target layer is divided into 29 single sublayers according to well data and seismic data.The conclusion of facies analysis of the target layer is further confirmed as a fan delta front by lithology,beddings,colour of mudstone,fossil assemblage and grain size distribution patterns.Sediments came from NW and north.Five types of sedimentary facies,i.e.the underwater distributary and channel sands,river mouth bar,underwater distributary channel mudstone and delta front sheetlike sand are well developed in the study area.In general,underwater distributary channel and underwater distributary channel sand dominate the sequence with the river mouth bar and delta front sheet-like sand as the next.From the bottom single layer of yII36 b to the top single layer of yI11 a,the target layer shows an inversed cyclic characteristic and becomes coarsening up from bottom to top.Effected by frequent rechannelization of underwater distributaries,sandstone deposits become more heterogeneous.Distribution pattern and composition of depositional facies should be sufficiently considered in thermal recovery of oil with steam.
【Fund】: 国家科技重大专项“CO2驱油与埋存关键技术”(2011ZX05016-006);; 中国石油天然气股份有限公司勘探与生产分公司“精细油藏描述项目”(2018-40217-000001)
【CateGory Index】: TE34
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