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《Oceanologia Et Limnologia Sinica》 1992-01
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LIFE HISTORY PATTERNS AND GEOGRAPHICAL VARIATION OF ECOLOGICAL PARAMETERS FOR MARINE FISHES IN THE COASTAL WATERS OF CHINA

Luo Bingzheng(Institute of Oceanology, Academia Sinica, Qingdao 266071)  
Life history parameters were gathered from the literature of marine fishes. Often there were multiple sets of data for the same species from different locations. Each set of values was used as a separate data case. Correlation matrices were calculated for 43 species (74 populations) altogether, from data obtained in the 1985-1986 off-shore servey of the northern part of the East China Sea and other related documents.In terms of commonly measured population parameters in fishery biology, an r selection species would have: (1) a low age (Tm) and smaller body size (Lm) at first maturity, (2) a high value of growth coefficient k, (3) a small L∞ and W∞ from the von Bertalanffy growth equation, (4) a high value of gonad index (G), (5) high rates of natural mortality (M), and (6) low maximum age. The attributes associated with a K selection would be:(1) a high age and larger body size at first maturity, (2) a low growth coefficient K, (3) a large L∞, and W∞, (4) low value of G, (5) low M, and (6) a high maximum age. Using these life history correlates of r and K selections, it is possible to predict the signs of a correlation matrix among life history parameters. All of the observed correlations agree with the predicted correlations in sign.The results show life history patterns in marine fishes of China are mostly that of r selection. The effects of harvesting on stocks with these life history trends showed that K selection pattern species would be highly sensitive to overfishing both in terms of fishing mortality andage at first entry. There are specific differences in fisheries based on r or K selection species.The ecological parameters of the fishes show geographical variation from the South China Sea to the Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金 3860808号
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