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《OCEANOLOGIA ET LIMNOLOGIA SINICA》 1997-04
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EFFECTS OF SALINITY ON GROWTH, SURVIVAL RATE AND ALBINISM RATE OF THE LARVAE AND JUVENILES OF PARALICHTHYS OLIVACEUS

Wang Hansheng(Fujian Fishery Research Institute, Xianmen 361012)  
Seawater salinity's effects on growth, survival de and albinism nd oflarvae and juveniles of Paralichthys olivaceus were studed under laboratory condition.Fertilized eggs (spawned on Nov. 19th 1993) were purchased and transported to theFishery Research Laboratory of Kyushu University. The larvae hatched on Nov.20thand opened their mouths 3 days later.Four different levels of salinity were set as follows: control (30.5-31.8), 26.0,21.0, 16,0. Duplicate tanks were established for each salinity level. Eight 1001transparent polycarboute circular tanks inside a vinyloid hothouse were used to culture2 000 3-day-old larvae in each of them. The tanks' seawarer temperature was 17.8-21.8℃; light density was controlled at 800- 1 000 lx by curtains. Airstones, andflowing water were applied during culture of the larvae, fed on rotifers and Artemianaupli. The volumes of the air curmnt flowing watef, and food, were increasedappropriatay in accordance with the growth of the larvae. The experiment periodlasted 51 days (from Nov. 21th 1993 to Jan. 11th 1994). During the experiment period,30 individuals were sampled every 7 days (every 5 days from Dec. 22th) to measurethe tota length of the fishes by profile projector after anaesthesia with MS-222. Whenthe fishes completed metamorphosis and became benthonic (mean tota length 18 mm),all were taken out,anaesthetized with MS-222 and preserved in 10% neutral formalinto calculate the numbers of the individuas of normal and abnormal in bedy color andcompare the growth, survival rate and albinism rate. Survival rate (%) = N2 / (N0 - N1)×100(N2 = No. of surviving ind.; N0 = Beginning No.; N1= Sampled No.). Thecolor types were distinginshed as follows f Type 1: normal; Type 2: trunk normal,with head albinotic party; Type 3f trunk normal, with head albinohc; Type 4: headnormal, with trunk albinohc partly; Type 5: both head and trunk albinotic partly,Type 6: head all albinotic, with trunk albinotic partly; Type 7t head normal, withtrunk all or almost albinotic, Type 8: head party albinotic, with trunk all or almostalbinotic, Type 9: both head and trunk all or almost albinotic.The results showed that the mean total length of the flshes of each experimenttank was 18.7-20.2mm, no distinginshed differences in statistics available (P 0.05).The survival rates of the experiment fishes were as follows: Group 1: 26.9% and27.3%, Group 2: 23.8% and 35.6%, Group 3: 41.2% and 40.2%; Group 4: 62.9%and 42.1%. The albinism rates were : Group 1: 83.6% and 81.5%, Group 2: 76.6%and 75.8%, GrouP 3: 41.9% and 33.8%, Group 4: 34.8% and 37.6%. The types ofalbinism could be basically classified into three tyPes: type 4t, type 5 and type 9.othr types of albinism did not existent or were not apparent.The study showed that from salinify of 16.0 to 31.8: 1. different level of salinityhad no notable effects on the growth of the larvae and juveniles of paralichthesolivaceus; 2. the lower the salinity the higher the survival rate and the lower thealbinism rate of the larvae and juveniles of the fish, 3. salinity from 26.0 to 21.0may be the crihcal range causing notable differences in the survival rate and albinismrate of the juveniles of the fish.
【CateGory Index】: S965
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