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《Oceanologia Et Limnologia Sinica》 2004-01
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SONG Lin Sheng, JI Yan Bin  , CAI Zhong Hua, FANG Min, SU Jian Guo, CUI Zhao Xia, LI Tai Wu  (Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, 266071)  (Life Science and Technology School, Ningbo University, Ningbo, 315211)  
In order to determine the effect of temperature change on the immune system of the mitten hand crab ( Eriocheir sinensis ), antioxidative and immune parameters were measured within 9 hours of a sudden rise of culture temperature (14℃—28℃). The superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the hepatopancreas was detected by NBT (nitrotetrazolium blue) approach. Compared with the control group, the SOD activity dropped rapidly ( P 0 05 ) only one hour after the temperature increased. The activity of SOD declined significantly ( P 0 01 ) and then became stable within 3 hours of the temperature increased. After 6 hours it was still lower than that of the control group. Similar to the SOD, the catalase (CAT) activity also declined suddenly when the temperature increased. The CAT activity declined significantly within 6 hours of the temperature increase then showed stable tendencies, showing no obvious change between 6—9 hours. The concentration of malondiadehyde (MDA) in the hepatopancreas was measured using TBA (2 Thiobarbituric Acid) methods. In contrast to the changes in SOD and CAT , the content of MDA increased after the temperature increase. Within 6 hours of the increase the content of MDA rose significantly ( P 0 01 ). After 9 hours it continued to rise. The rate and the index of phagocytic both rose, reaching their peak level within 3 hours of the temperature change, before dropping to their original levels. These results indicated that the rapid increment of temperature could result in metabolic maladjustment of free radicals and have profound effects on physiological and immune functions of the body. This could be one of the important ecological factors inducing the outbreak of disease.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目 (973) ;G1 9990 1 2 0 0 7号 ;; 国家高技术研究发展计划 (86 3) ;2 0 0 2AA6 2 6 0 2 0号 ;; 国家自然科学基金资助项目 ;4 0 2 76 0 4 5号
【CateGory Index】: Q45
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