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《Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica》 2015-01
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EFFECTS OF SHELL FRAME CHARACTERISTICS ON SHELL WEIGHT OF THREE SPECIES OF MYTILUS IN SHENGSI WATERS OF THE EAST CHINA SEA

ZHENG Xiao-Jing;YANG Yang;ZOU Li-Chang;REN Su-Yi;LIU Zu-Yi;WANG Zhi-Zheng;Zhejiang Ocean University;Fishery Technology Extension Center of Yuyao;Shengsi County Department of Ocean and Fisheries;  
Two-year-old population of Mytilus coruscus and one-year-old population of Mytilus edulis from their own cohort of cultured species in Shengsi waters as well as the hybrid mussel in the middle zone between two raft culture systems were selected as experimental subjects. With morphological variables, including shell width(SW), shell length(SL), shell height(SH), straight-line distance from umbo to ligament-end(OA), from umbo to the top of dorsal margin(OB), from umbo to the rear-most point in posterior(OC), from umbo to the foothold of SH in ventral margin(OD), from ligament-end to the top of dorsal margin(AB), from the top of dorsal margin to rear-most point in posterior(BC), and from rear-most point in posterior to the foothold of SH in ventral margin(CD). Multivariate analysis methods were used to study the effect of shell frame characteristics on body weight of three species of Mytilus. The results indicated that first, the variation coefficient of shell weight was greater than that of each shell frame characteristics for three species of Mytilus. The variation coefficients of all phenotypic traits measured in the hybrid mussel were the largest among the three, and that between M. coruscus and M. edulis were close. Second, the correlation coefficients between the shell weight and each shell frame characteristics were extremely significant(P0.01) for three species of Mytilus. However, only for the hybrid mussel, all the correlation coefficients among shell frame characteristics were extremely significant(P0.01). Third, according to path analysis, multiple correlation indexes between the reserved frame characteristics and shell weight for M. coruscus, M. edulis and the hybrid mussel were 0.868, 0.700, and 0.931, respectively. The corresponding orders of the direct effect from reserved frame characteristics were listed in turn: OCSHSW, OCSW and SLSHOA. Fourth, by using multiple regression analysis, regression equations were obtained to estimate the shell weight for M. coruscus, M. edulis and the hybrid mussel, respectively.
【Fund】: 浙江省重大科技专项农业重点项目 2013C02014-3号;; 浙江省海洋经济和渔业新兴产业补助项目“嵊泗海域贻贝养殖容量评估及高效养殖技术综合示范” 2012—2014
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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