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《Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention》 2017-06
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Investigation of activities of daily living and its influencing factors of the left-behind elderly in rural minority areas of Guizhou

ZHOU Quan-xiang;YANG Jing-yuan;HUANG Wen-yong;SHE Fu-qiang;ZHAO Qian;CAO Xian-ming;YU Yue-sheng;Department of Epidemiology,School of Public Health,Guizhou Medical University;Qiannan Medical Technology College for Nationalities;  
Objective To describe the activities of daily living of the left-behind elderly in rural minority areas of Guizhou and its influencing factors. Methods Multilevel sampling investigation was used to select 1 260 cases left-behind elderly in four counties of Qiannan rural minority areas. Their general condition,physical condition and the activities of daily living were investigated. Results 10. 87% of the left-behind elderly in rural minority areas of Guizhou had obvious disfunction of daily living ability. Multivariate analysis showed that the risk factors were old age( OR = 2. 851,95% CI =2. 233-3. 642),ethnic( OR = 1. 486,95% CI = 1. 029-2. 174),chronic disease( OR = 1. 246,95% CI = 1. 047-1. 482)and poor relationship with his family( OR = 1. 835,95% CI = 1. 397-2. 409). The protective factors for the activities of daily living of the left-behind elderly included high home income level( OR = 0. 657,95% CI = 0. 494-0. 876) and high education level( OR = 0. 723,95% CI = 0. 559-0. 935). Conclusions The obvious dis-function rate is high among left-behind elderly of ethnic minorities in rural minority areas of Guizhou. The left-behind elderly of ethnic minorities is a high risk group. In order to improve the activities of daily living of the left-behind elderly in this area,health education,chronic disease management and reasonable health policy should be taken by the government.
【Fund】: 黔南民族医学高等专科学校校基金项目(QNYZ201513)
【CateGory Index】: R161.7
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