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《Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention》 2017-08
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Anxiety,depression and related factors of 184 HIV patients newly admitted to antiretroviral treatment in Guangzhou

ZHOU Kai;DU Zhi-cheng;DU Xuan;WANG Ling-yu;RE Mi-na;XU Hui-fang;LI Ling-hua;GU Jing;HAO Yuan-tao;Faculty of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology,School of Public Health,Sun Yat-sen University;Department of AIDS Control and Prevention,Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention;Department of Infections Disease,Guangzhou No. 8 People's Hospital;  
Objective To investigate the prevalence and factors of anxiety and depression among human immunodeficiency virus( HIV) patients who were newly admitted to antiretroviral treatment in Guangzhou. Method Patients were recruited by using convenient sampling from May to August 2016 from Guangzhou No. Eight Hospital,and were interviewed by using face-to-face interviews. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the data. Results A total of 184 HIV patients were included. The prevalence of anxiety was 51. 6%,average score:( 5. 04 ± 4. 25),while the prevalence of depression was 66. 3%,average score:( 7. 01 ± 4. 92). Duration of infecting more than six months( OR = 0. 344,95% CI:0. 170-0. 695,P = 0. 003),level of self-efficacy( OR = 0. 814,95% CI: 0. 682-0. 973,P = 0. 024) and social support( OR= 0. 955,95% CI: 0. 930-0. 982,P = 0. 001) were protective factors for anxiety; level of self-efficacy( OR = 0. 790,95%CI: 0. 646-0. 966,P = 0. 022) and social support( OR = 0. 955,95% CI: 0. 928-0. 983,P = 0. 002) were also protective factors for depression. HIV/AIDS related symptoms( OR = 3. 168,95% CI: 1. 570-6. 394,P = 0. 001) were a risk factor for depression. Conclusions Affected by multiple factors,there was a high prevalence of anxiety and depression among HIV patients who were newly admitted to HIV antiretroviral treatment in Guangzhou.
【Fund】: 中山大学青年教师重点培育项目(51000-31620002);; 广州市科学(技术)研究专项(201607010368)
【CateGory Index】: R181.3;R512.91
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