Survey of Blood-borne Occupational Exposure in Medical Staff
CHEN Li-li;YAN Yan-qing;CHEN Fu-rong;ZENG Yi-xia;Department of Disease Control and Prevention,No.458 Hospital of PLA;
Objective To analyze the risk factors of blood- borne occupational exposure in medical staff,and provide evidence for prevention and control. Methods The relevant data from Jan 2013 to Apr 2015 was reviewed and analysed. Results Nurses and practice nurses were high- risk groups of occupational exposure( 75. 6%),medical staff under the age of 30 accounted for 82. 2%. Ward was the main risk exposure site( 64. 4%),giving priority to surgical ward. Over 89. 3% of exposure sources were mainly hepatitis B and C and syphilis. Single exposure accounted for 66. 7% of all,two or more exposure accounted for 22. 2%. Sharp injury were the main types exposed( 93. 3%),give priority to needles. Training was the important means for reducing the risk of occupational exposure and standardize the management. Conclusion Strengthening occupational safety education in risk stuff and department,accepting hepatitis b vaccination in previous,and using care products with protective functions were keys to prevent of blood- borne occupational exposure.
【CateGory Index】： R192