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《Economic Geography》 2017-12
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Spatial-Temporal Variation Characteristics and Main Influence Factors Analysis of Population Distribution Pattern in Hunan Province

DENG Chuxiong;LI Min;BIN Jinyou;College of Resources and Environment Science,Hunan Normal University;  
Based on the four population censuses data(1982, 1990, 2000 and 2010) of counties, this paper makes a quantitative comprehensive analysis of temporal-spatial variation characteristics and main influence factors of population distribution pattern in Hunan province by using inverse distance weighted method, exploratory spatial data analysis method and population distribution index. Results showed that: 1)The population density was presented a pattern of"high in the east and low in the west"since 1982 in Hunan Province. population density decreased progressively with circle layer structure around the high-value areas, the high-value areas were extended, middle-value areas were narrowed, and the low-value areas remained basically unchanged. 2)Under the background of population growth rata slowing down in general, the population growth rata increased successively in low-value, middle-value and high-value areas of population density in the same period, and the regional differences of population distribution was gradually expanded from 1982 to2010. 3)The spatial autocorrelation of population distribution was continuously strengthened, population distribution hotspot and cold-spot regions were both presented a concentrated trend, hot-spot region numbers increased, cold-spot region numbers decreased, cold-spot and hot-spot regions were spatial concentration, population distribution disequilibrium trend was intensifying. 4)Many factors contributed to the population distribution pattern and change of Hunan Province,physical geographical condition and resources endowment difference laid a basic pattern of population distribution,unbalanced economic development constantly rebuilt population distribution pattern, and the progressive regional development strategy played an important guided role in population distribution pattern. Comprehensively improving the quality of "people-oriented" urbanization, and steadily pushing on the healthy and sustainable development of new type urbanization, was necessary to promote the pattern optimization of population distribution in Hunan Province.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金项目(16BJL063)
【CateGory Index】: C924.2
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