Spatio-Temporal Pattern and Influencing Factors of Scientific and Technological Innovation Capability of Universities in China
WANG Fan;BAI Yongping;ZHOU Liang;ZHANG Yongkai;QIAO Fuwei;JI Xuepeng;College of Geographic and Environmental Science,Northwest Normal University;Faculty of Geomatics,Lanzhou Jiaotong University;State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System,Institute of Geographical Science and Natural Resource Research,CAS;College of Agriculture & Forestry Economics and Management,Lanzhou University of Finance and Economics;
Based on the data of the nationwide universities in 1999, 2006 and 2015, taking three factors as the evaluating indicator, the spatial pattern, the trend and the cause of the scientific and technological innovation ability of universities in China was studied with Geo Da and Arc GIS spatial statistical analysis functions of Kernel Density and ESDA. The main conclusions showed that:(1)The scientific and technological innovation ability of universities in provincial capitals and municipalities is higher than other cities, the proportion of it is 80%, and the gap between these areas and other cities is growing.(2)Since the expansion of admission for higher education in 1999, the scientific and technological innovation ability of universities has been greatly improved. In general, the high value regions and low value regions of the scientific and technological innovation ability have an interlaced distribution, while the high value regions gathering in the eastern coastal cities, the low value regions are distributed in the central and western regions. And the differences of the scientific and technological innovation ability between the eastern universities and the central and western universities are more significant.(3)From 1999 to 2015, the hot spots of the scientific and technological innovation ability was steadily located in the Bohai Rim and the Yangtze River Delta.(4)This spatial pattern is mainly caused by the financial investment in education, the total collections of The public libraries and the tertiary industry proportion.
【Fund】： 国家社会科学基金项目(15BGL208);; 高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金联合资助课题(20106203110002);; 中国博士后科学基金(2016M600121)
【CateGory Index】： G644
【CateGory Index】： G644