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《Economic Geography》 2017-12
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Spatial Characteristics of Livelihood Assets of Poor Farmers and Its Influential Factors in Loess Hilly Region——A Case Study of Yuzhong County,Gansu Province

LIU Chunfang;LIU Youyan;WANG Chuan;College of Geography and Environment Science,Northwest Normal University;  
The problem of farmer's poverty and livelihood are the important issue in loess hilly areas because of it's poor ecological environment, low level of social and economic development. Based on the survey data of 2300 farmers in Yuzhong County, this paper establishes the evaluation index system of the livelihood of the farmers according to the socio-economic characteristics of the region. Using the cluster analysis method and the spatial correlation analysis method to calculates the level of livelihood capital of 23 township farmers in Yuzhong, determines the type of livelihood capital in different areas of the county, analyzes the types and distribution characteristics of the livelihood capital of the poor farmers in the county. Geographic Weighted Regression Model(GWR) was used to analyze the influencing factors of spatial distribution of livelihood capital. The results show that the overall living capital of the villages and towns in the middle area of Yuzhong county is better, while the living capital of the rural households in the northern mountainous areas and the southern mountainous areas is deficient. There is a certain spatial correlation and dependency between the livelihood capital of each township in Yuzhong, which has obvious spatial pattern characteristics. High-high(HH)and low-low(LL)aggregations two types are shown in the region. The results of GWR analysis showed that there was a negative correlation between population density and total household livelihoods. Meanwhile it's has a positive correlation between total vegetable production, road network density, precipitation, temperature, per capita GDP, total grain output and total livelihood capital. The total output of vegetables and the density of road network have the greatest impact on the livelihood of farmers. Therefore, aiming at the characteristics of the livelihood capital of the farmers in Yuzhong and combining with the natural, economic and social characteristics of the loess hilly region, some countermeasures to improve the livelihood of the farmers are put forward.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41771130)
【CateGory Index】: F323.8
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