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《Economic Geography》 2017-12
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Peasant Households Adaptability under the Bankground of Rural Tourism Development in Traditional Villages——A Case Study of 4 Traditional Villages in Zhangjiajie

WU Jilin;LIU Shuiliang;ZHOU Chunshan;School of Geography and Planning,Sun Yat-sen University;School of Civil Engineering and Architecture,Jishou University;School of Tourism and Management Engineering,Jishou University;  
Guided by the theory of social-ecological system of rural tourism, Through participatory rural appraisal(PRA)and multiple linear regression analysis, tourism participation farmers adapt to rural tourism behavior, adapt to the driving factors and mechanisms of adaptation of Shiyanping Village, Sanjiawan Village, Miaogang Village and Hongjiaguan Village which are the four national traditional villages of Zhangjiajie were researched. The study reveals several important results. 1)Six adaptation types of farmers livelihood appeared in the background of rural tourism development in Zhangjiajie, those are tourism franchise pattern, tourism leading pattern,tourism participation pattern, labor oriented pattern, labor and farming balanced pattern and farming leading pattern, participation in the proportion of rural tourism is low, farming and migrant workers have become one of the livelihood strategies of farmers in traditional villages. 2)The impact of farmers adapting effect(income) of the six key driving factors are: total family labor force, household education, housing area, household deposits, neighborhood and planting area, which are the indicators of livelihood capital. 3)The imbalance of the traditional village social ecosystem, the government policy system and the livelihood capital are the root causes of the adaptive behavior under the background of regional development of rural tourism;Survival rationality, economic rationality and social rationality are the internal causes of farmers' choice of farming,migrant workers and participation in tourism livelihood; Livelihood strategies and traditional ideas are the determinants of the results of traditional village households' tourism adaptation. Finally, some suggestions on how to improve traditional village farmers' adaptability to rural tourism development were put forward.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40971097);; 湖南省社会科学基金项目(15YBX027);; 湖南省自然与文化遗产研究基地开放项目(15jdzb064)
【CateGory Index】: F323.6
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