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《Journal of Northeast Agricultural Sciences》 2018-06
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Studies on Response of Different Genotype Soybean Varieties to Fertilizer

MENG Fangang;RAO Demin;ZHAO Jing;REN He;QIU Qiang;ZHANG Minghao;ZHANG Wei;YAN Xiaoyan;YAO Liying;ZHANG Xiaoping;Institute of Soybean Research, Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences/National Soybean Engineering Technology Research Center Jilin Branch Center;Institute of Soybean Research, Shenyang Agricultural University;The Party School of Yitong Manchu Autonomous County of Jilin Province;  
In this experiment, eight different genotype soybean varieties were used and five fertilization gradientswere set in two different ecological regions, Gongzhuling and Dunhua. The purpose is to study response of differentgenotype soybean to fertilizer, explore influence of different fertilizer on yield and agronomic traits of different geno?types of soybean in two ecological regions. The results showed that the yield of different genotype soybean varietiesincreased with the fertilizer levels, then gradually decreased. Yield of‘Jiyu 86',‘Jidadou No.3',‘Jinong 38'and‘Jiyu 301'was higher under different fertilization. There was a significant difference in the response of yield of dif?ferent varieties to fertilization,‘Jiyu 86'and‘Jiyu 47'were more sensitive to fertilizer, their yield were highestwhen the fertilizer was 210 and 180 kg per hectare, respectively, which were 25.5 and 11.9 percent higher comparedto non-fertilization. Response of yield of‘Jidadou No.3'and‘Jinong 38'to fertilizer was not sensitive. Their yieldwere highest when the fertilizer was 157.5 and 135 kg per hectare, respectively, which were 12.28 and 7.57 percenthigher compared to non-fertilization. Fertilization significantly promoted the plant height. There was a tendency toincrease the number of nodes with the increase of fertilization. Pod weight, grain weight and hundred-grain weightincreased with the fertilizer levels, then gradually decreased. Therefore, amount of fertilizer should be adjustedbased on soybean varieties response to fertilizer to achieve maximum benefit in the production.
【Fund】: 国家重点研发计划课题(2017YFD0201804);; 现代农业产业技术体系建设专项资金(CARS-04-PS12);; 吉林省科技厅重点科技成果转化项目(20150307026NY)
【CateGory Index】: S565.1
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