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《Journal of Jinan University(Natural Science & Medicine Edition)》 2009-01
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Comparative studies on water quality and community structure of zooplankton between the sea surface microlayer and the subsurface microlayer in mariculture areas in Dapeng Cove

DENG Bang-ping,YANG Yu-feng(Institute of Hydrobiology,Jinan University;Key Laboratory of Eutrophication and Red Tide Control,Education Department of Guangdong Province,Guangzhou 510632,China)  
Water quality and community structure of zooplankton between the sea surface microlayer and the subsurface microlayer in fish farming area(St.1),shellfish farming area(St.2) and control area(St.3) in Dapeng Cove,were studied during May 2007-Dec.2007.33(St.1),25(St.2) and 27(St.3) species of zooplankton were recorded in the sea surface microlayer,70(St.1),56(St.2) and 67(St.3) species of zooplankton in the subsurface microlayer,respectively.The highest densities of zooplankton in the sea surface microlayer were recorded in summer,580.0 ind./L in St.1,224.0 ind./L in St.2 and 750.0 ind./L in St.3,respectively.The average density of zooplankton in sea surface microlayer was much higher than in subsurface microlayer.The average densities of zooplankton in the sea surface microlayer were 262.0 ind./L in St.1,168.5 ind./L in St.2 and 314.5 ind./L in St.3,respectively.Results showed that there were enrichment effects on N,P and Si in the sea surface microlayer.The average enrichment factor(EF) of TN,TP,PO3-P and SiO3-Si were 2.02±0.13,2.16±0.18,3.36±1.04 and 2.12±0.10,respectively.The study indicated that the structure of zooplankton community differed in the three different ecological areas and two different water layers in Dapeng Cove.Mariculture has important effects on the changes in water quality and zooplankton community structure.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金委-广东省人民政府联合重点基金项目(U0633006);; 国家自然科学基金项目(40673062);; 广东省教育厅重点项目
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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