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Isolation of Cellulose from Cotton Straw and Peanut Hull for Preparation of Cellulose Membrane

Zhang Jingmei;Liu Weili;Zhang lina;Du Yuming(Dept.of Chemistry, Jinan University,510632,Guangzhou;Dept.of Chemistry,Wuhan University,430072, Wuhan)  
Cotton straw and peanut hull were hydrolyzed by acid and then refluxed in basic solution,ccellulose was obtained.Experiments showed that hydrolysis was hest carried out in w(HNO3)=5% for 2 ̄4h,and refluxing in w(NaOH)= 1.6% for 1.5h. Yield of Cellulose was 33%, over 87% of which was α -Cellulose. Celluose membrane was made by dissolving the product in cuprammonium solution. Tensile strengths of dried membranes from cotton straw and peanut hull were 6.14× 107 Pa and 3.87 × 107 Pa respectively.
【CateGory Index】: O636.1
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