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《Journal of Interventional Radiology》 2017-08
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Application of long guidewire exchange technique in cerebral angiography via radial artery access

YANG Haihua;ZHOU Xiaomei;LIU Libin;Department of Neurology,Daxing Hospital of Capital Medical University;  
Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of long guidewire exchange technique in performing cerebral angiography via radial artery approach. Methods The clinical data of 257 patients, who received cerebral angiography during the period from June 2014 to May 2016 at Daxing Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing, China, were retrospectively analyzed. Among the 257 patients, 186 had type Ⅱor type Ⅲ aortic arch. According to the different looping technologies for Simmons-2 catheter used in the performance of cerebral angiography, these 186 patients were divided into the study group(n =90) and the routine group(n=96). The success rate of radial artery puncturing, the success rate of Simmons-2 catheter looping formation, the success rate of supra-arch arterial catheterization, the time spent for angiography,the radiation exposure time, complications, etc. were recorded. Results The success rate of radial artery puncturing was 100% in both groups. The success rate of Simmons-2 catheter looping formation in the study group was 97.8%, which was significantly higher than 72.9% in the routine group(P 0.05). The success rates of catheterization for the left subclavian artery, left common carotid artery and right carotid artery in the study group were 97.8%, 97.8% and 97.8% respectively, which were remarkably higher than 72.9%, 72.9%and 72.9% respectively in the routine group(P0.05). No statistically significant difference in the success rates of catheterization for right subclavian artery and for right vertebral artery existed between the two groups(P0.05). The time spent fo r angiography in the study group and the routine group was(22.5 ±9.4) min and(28.3 ±8.3) min respectively. The radiation exposure time in the study group was(8.9 ±4.5) min, which was obviously lower than(12.6 ±6.5) min in the routine group(P =0.017 and P =0.035, respectively). The incidences of complications in the study group and the routine group were 4.4% and 5.2% respectively, the difference was not statistically significant(P 0.05). No severe complications, such as intracranial arterial embolic events, puncture bleeding, arterial occlusion, etc., occurred in all patients of both groups. Conclusion The use of long guidewire exchange technology can improve the success rate of Simmon-2 catheter looping formation and the success rate of supra-arch arterial catheterization, it can also shorten the time for angiography procedure and reduce the radiation exposure time. This technique is very effective with higher safety.Therefore, this long guidewire exchange technique should be used as a common method for cerebral angiopraphy via radial artery approach in patients with type Ⅱ or type Ⅲ aortic arch.
【CateGory Index】: R743
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