Acoustic emission characterization of microcracking in laboratory-scale hydraulic fracturing tests
Jesse Hampton;Marte Gutierrez;Luis Matzar;Dandan Hu;Luke Frash;Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Colorado School of Mines;New England Research, Inc.;Halliburton;Los Alamos National Laboratory;
Understanding microcracking near coalesced fracture generation is critically important for hydrocarbon and geothermal reservoir characterization as well as damage evaluation in civil engineering structures.Dense and sometimes random microcracking near coalesced fracture formation alters the mechanical properties of the nearby virgin material. Individual microcrack characterization is also significant in quantifying the material changes near the fracture faces(i.e. damage). Acoustic emission(AE) monitoring and analysis provide unique information regarding the microcracking process temporally, and information concerning the source characterization of individual microcracks can be extracted. In this context,laboratory hydraulic fracture tests were carried out while monitoring the AEs from several piezoelectric transducers. In-depth post-processing of the AE event data was performed for the purpose of understanding the individual source mechanisms. Several source characterization techniques including moment tensor inversion, event parametric analysis, and volumetric deformation analysis were adopted.Post-test fracture characterization through coring, slicing and micro-computed tomographic imaging was performed to determine the coalesced fracture location and structure. Distinct differences in fracture characteristics were found spatially in relation to the openhole injection interval. Individual microcrack AE analysis showed substantial energy reduction emanating spatially from the injection interval. It was quantitatively observed that the recorded AE signals provided sufficient information to generalize the damage radiating spatially away from the injection wellbore.
【Fund】： financial support for much of the early development of the AE analysis methods was provided by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) (Grant No. DE-FE0002760)
【CateGory Index】： TU45
【CateGory Index】： TU45