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《MYCOSYSTEMA》 1999-01
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INHERITANCE OF BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERS IN PHYTOPHTHORA BOEHMERIAE SAWADA

GAO Zhimou; ZHENG Xiaobo;Lu Jiayun (Key Lab of Monitoring and Management of Plant Diseases and Insects of Chinese Ministry of Agriculture,Department of Plant Protection, Nanjing Agricultural University Nanjing 210095)  
The inheritance and variation of biological characters including growth rate, colony morphology and homothallism of Phytophthora boehmeriae sawada were studied in vitro. Six isolates obtained from different localities and host plants were used as the test microorganisms. The results showed that there were three patterns on inheritance of growth rate and colony morphology in P. boehmeriae: (1) The growth rate and colony morphology of isolates PM-8 and JX-9 from papermulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera) and cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) respectively, were all steadily inherited in both single-zoospore and single-oospore progenies, which indicated that the genetic factors controlling the two characters in the two isolates were homozygous, (2) The two characters of isolates JS-5 and ZH-8 from cotton and ramie (Boehmeria nivea) respectively, were steadily inherited in single-zoospore progenies but showed obvious variation in selfed singleoospore progenies, which suggested that the two characters of the isolates were controlled by nuclear heterozygous genes, (3) The growth rate and colony morphology of isolates RA-2 and CS-8 from ramie and cotton respectively, showed variation in both single-zoospore and single-oospore progenies, but the variation of growth rate in selfed oospore progenies was significantly different from that in zoospore progenies, which suggested that these characters might be controlled by cytoplasmic factors, moreover, the variation of growth rate in selfed oospore progenies also associated with nuclear genetic factors in the two isolates. The results also showed that the homothallic character of all the six isolates tested were steadily inherited in both asexual and sexual progenies, which suggested that the genetic factors controlling the character appeared to be homozygous.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金!3977029;;高校博士点专项科技基金!940602
【CateGory Index】: Q933
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