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《Mycosystema》 2001-01
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LIU Run-Jin Li Min WANG Wei-Hua (Mycorrhiza Laboratory, Laiyang Agricultural College, Laiyang, Shandong 265200, China)  
Colonization characteristics of arbuscular mycorrhizal(AM) ac Gigaspora rosea Nicol Schenck, Gigaspora margarita Becker Hall, Glomus intraradices Schenck Smith, Glomus mosseae (Nicol Gerd.) Gerdemann Trappe, Glomus versiforme (Karsten ) Berch and Sclerocystis sinuasa Gerdemann Bakhi in root tips of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) and white clover (Trifolium repens L. ) grown in pots were investigated. Roots of soybean (Glycine max (Linn.) Merr.), corn (Zea mays L.) and cotton grown in natal field were also sampled and Observed. The result showed that conical cells of the root meristematic zone and cap cells of cotton, tobacco and white clover were colonized by the AM fungi. Typical entry points, vesicles, hyphae and arbuscule were formed in the cap cells and conical cells of meristematic zones of roots. The colonization percentage of the meristematic zone and cap cells colonized by AM fungi on the second or third oder branch roots were higher than those on the first order branch roots and tap roots. White clover inoculated with G. mosseae had the highest frequency of colonization on root tips, while tobacco inoculated with Gigaspora margarita showed the lowest frequency. In nature field the conical cells of root meristematic zone and cap cells of soybean, corn and cotton were also colonized by AM fungi, but the incidence of root tip colonized was much lower. It was concluded that the meristematic zone and Cap cells of plant roots were able to be colonized by AM fungi.
【Fund】: the national Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 3007008) and Foundation for University Key Teachers of the Ministry of Ed
【CateGory Index】: Q944.5
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